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冬季梨树种植管理技术

发布人:临沂育果花粉发布时间:2016/12/16

冬季梨树管理好,才能为明年梨子的收获打好基础!育果梨花粉为大家介绍一下冬季梨树的种植管理: 

一、土肥水管理

SHIFEIGUANLI。MEIYOUQIUSHIJIFEIDELIYUAN,ZAITURANGJIEDONGQIANYINGJINZAOZHUISHIJIFEI,MEIMUCHANLIANG3000GONGJINSHI,YINGYIWAGOUDEFANGSHISHIRUYOUZHINONGJIAFEI4000~5000GONGJIN、GUOLINSUANGAI50GONGJIN,SHENDUWEI50LIMI,TONGSHI,JIANGYUANNEIKUZHI、LUOYEDENGSHENMAI。YEKECAIYONGFANSHUPANFANGSHIJIANGNONGJIAFEISASHI(YIBANYUGOUSHIJIANGE2~3NIAN)YUXINGJIAN、SHUPAN。

水分管理。土壤封冻前灌一次水。根据实地走访,目前,我省绝大部分果园墒情较差,应重视灌封冻水。
土壤管理。结合深施有机肥,刨松树盘,行间冬犁,深度为30厘米以上。对树盘覆草的梨园,可2~3年翻耕一次,以活化土壤,并利用冬季严寒杀灭在土壤中越冬的多种病虫体。

二、整形修剪

足彩APP排行榜 YOUSHUZHENGXINGSHIYIXIAOGUANSHUCENGXINGHUOFANGCHUIXINGWEIYI,XIUJIANSHIYINGZHUYICAIYONGWANQUHUOQUXIANSHANGSHENGDEBANFAKAIZHANGZHUZHIJIAODU,FANGZHIZHONGGANGUOQIANG,CHUXIANSHANGQIANGXIARUOXIANXIANG。JUTIXIUJIANFANGFASHI,QINGJIANZHANGLIUZHUZHIYANZHANGTOU,BINGZAIZHUZHISHANGDUOLIUFENZHI,DUIZHUZHISHANGDEFENZHI,JINLIANGSHAOSHUHUOBUSHU,YIZENGJIAZHUZHISHENGZHANGLIANG,KONGZHIZHONGGAN;DUIZHONGGANGUOQIANGDEDASHU,KECAIQULUOTOUKAIXINDEBANFA,GAICHENGYANCHIKAIXINXING。

足彩APP排行榜 ZHONGZHANGGUOZHICAIYONGXIANFANGHOUSUOFA,JIHUANFANGCHENGHUA,DAIJIEGUOHOUZAIHUISUOPEIYANG,QIANGWANGZHIPEIHELAZHI、WANZHIHEHUANGEDENG,XIAOGUOGENGJIA。DUIBEISHANGZHISHIQINGKUANGLAPINGHUOLAXIACHUIZHANGFANGJIEGUO,WANGZHIZEJINXINGZHONGJIE,YIDAHUANXIAO,GAIZAOLIYONGGENGXINZHI。DUIGUOTAIFUSHAODUOCAIYONGDUANJIECHULI,PEIYANGJIEGUOZHIZU,SHIJIEGUOBUWEIJINLIANGKAOJINZHUZHIHUODAZHI。SHENGGUOQIXIUJIANDUOCAIYONGDUANJIEHUOHUISUODESHOUFA,QURUOLIUQIANG,BINGZHUYIHELIFUZAI,SHILIANGLIUHUA,DUISHUAIRUOZHIZUJISHIGENGXINFUZHUANG。

足彩APP排行榜 JINDINGXIEHUASULIDAXIAOZHIZURONGYIBIANWANG,YIZHIZHUCIBUQING,KEDAIJINRUSHENGGUOQISHUSHIHUANHEHOUZAICHULI。LINGWAI,YOUDUANGUOZHIXINGCHENGDEXIAOZHIZUYIBANFENZHIBUDUO,GUBUYIDUIZHIZUNEIFENZHIJINXINGSHUJIAN。DUIGUOZHANG、SHUAIRUODEDA、ZHONGXINGZHIZU,YINGZHUYISUOJIANFUZHUANG。DUIZHANGSHIJIAOWANGDESHU,ZHONGZHANGZHIZUDUOSHUAIFANG,DAIQIJIEGUOHOUZAIHUISUO。DUIZHONGZHIHEJIAOZHANGDEGUOTAIZHI,ZECAIYONGXIANFANGHOUSUODEFANGFA。

三、病虫害治理

DONGJI,GUOSHUSHANGQIANFUYUEDONGDEBINGCHONGHAIWEIZHIXIANGDUIGUDING,ZHENGSHIJIANGQISHAMIE、YOUXIAOJIANGDIKAICHUNHOUBINGCHONGHAIFASHENGCHENGDUDEHAOSHIJI,ZHENGSUOWEI“DONGJIDUOCHULI,CHUNJISHAOHUAQIAN,QIUJISHOUHAOGUO”。GUONONGPENGYOUKEGENJULITANJUBING、FULANBING、HEIXINGBING、XINGMAOCHONG、HONGZHIZHUDENGZHUYAOBINGCHONGHAIFASHENGQINGKUANG,CAIQUYIXIAJISHUCUOSHI。

清理梨园。许多危害梨树的病菌、害虫,均在枯枝落叶及荒草中越冬,并成为第二年的病虫来源。因此,入冬至梨树萌芽前,应将梨园及其附近的枯枝落叶、僵果、杂草清扫干净,集中起来沤肥或烧毁。
足彩APP排行榜 及时冬灌。冬灌时间以果实采收后至土壤封冻前为最佳。冬灌的水量以灌水后当天全部渗入地下20~30厘米为宜。水源充足、设备齐全的果园,可采用畦灌或环状沟灌;设备差些的果园,可绕树盘外围打堰灌水。浇封冻水可将越冬梨木虱成虫消灭50%~70%,使一代若虫减少30%~50%。

足彩APP排行榜 SHUPANSHENFAN。JIEHESHIFEIJINXINGSHUPANQIUDONGSHENFAN,YIFANGMIANJIANGZHUNBEIYUEDONGDEHAICHONGFANCHUDIMIAN,RANGNIAOLEIZHUOSHIHUOBEIDONGSI,LINGYIFANGMIANJIANGDISHANGDEBINGYE、JIANGGUOJIDUOZAIKUCAOZHONGDEHAICHONGSHENMAIDIXIA,YINIANYINBUNENGSHUNLICHUTUERBEIMENSI。

SHUGANTUBAI。SHUGANTUBAINENGJIANSHAORIZHUOBINGDEFASHENG,XIAOMIESHUGANHESHUFENGZHONGYUEDONGDELIXINGMAOCHONG、HONGZHIZHU。TUBAIJIDEPEIZHIBILIWEISHENGSHIHUI10~12FEN、NIANTU2FEN、SHILIUHEJIYUANYE2FEN、SHIYAN1~2FEN、SHUI36~40FEN,LINGWAIKEJIADIANSHACHONGJI。PEIZHIFANGFAWEIXIANYONGSHUIHUAKAISHIHUI,LVQUHUIZHA,DAORUYIRONGHUADESHIYAN,ZAIDAORUSHILIUHEJIHENIANTU,JIAOBANJUNYUNJIKE。TUBAIZAILUOYEHOUZHITURANGJIEDONGQIANJINXING,TUSHIYIBULIUSHIHEGANHOUBUQIAO、BUTUOLUOWEIYI。

刮除或剪除老皮及病残枝。许多病菌虫卵潜伏在梨树老皮裂缝、翘皮处越冬,冬季用刮刀或镰刀把梨树的老皮轻轻刮掉(注意不要刮伤里面的嫩皮),从而破坏梨星毛虫、梨小食心虫、黄粉蚜、红蜘蛛等害虫的越冬场所,可以消灭大部分害虫,从而降低当年虫口基数。同时还可以结合冬剪,将带有刺蛾硬茧、天幕毛虫卵块等的病虫枝、芽及干枯枝条剪掉并集中烧毁。
药剂防治。在清园、修剪、刮皮后,在春天芽开始萌发时(过早过晚均不好)全园普遍喷洒含油量为3%~5%的柴油乳剂或5波美度的石硫合剂,对梨圆蚧、红蜘蛛、梨黑星病等防治效果明显。


本文编辑:梨花粉厂家足彩APP排行榜主营:梨花粉, 苹果花粉,桃花粉,李子花粉,杏花粉,大樱桃花粉,猕猴桃花粉等果树花粉,咨询电话:15806913322

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